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Numerous important cities were founded by these colonists, such as Miletus, Ephesus, Smyrna (now İzmir) and Byzantium (now Istanbul), the latter founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 657 BC.
The first state that was called Armenia by neighbouring peoples was the state of the Armenian Orontid dynasty, which included parts of eastern Turkey beginning in the 6th century BC.
Following the death of Theodosius I in 395 and the permanent division of the Roman Empire between his two sons, the city, which would popularly come to be known as Constantinople, became the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire.STUTTGART, Germany — The United States wants to spend more than million to upgrade military facilities in Turkey, including the strategic Incirlik Air Base and a discrete outpost used by soldiers operating quietly along NATO’s southern flank. The funding request, along with another .4 million from the Army for an undisclosed “forward operating site,” is part of the White House’s proposed 2018 budget. While the Air Force has been a fixture in Turkey dating back to the early days of the Cold War, the Army’s role in Turkey is more opaque. Air Force is seeking about million to build new dormitory for airmen at Incirlik, a key base supporting operations against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria. has no immediate intention of pivoting missions away from that country despite an authoritarian drift that has alarmed fellow NATO allies.The name of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye) can be divided into two components: the ethnonym Türk and the abstract suffix –iye meaning "owner", "land of" or "related to" (originally derived from the Greek and Latin suffixes –ia in Tourkia (Τουρκία) and Turchia).The first recorded use of the term "Türk" or "Türük" as an autonym is contained in the Old Turkic inscriptions of the Göktürks (Celestial Turks) of Central Asia (c. An early form of the same name may be reflected in the form of "tie-le" (鐵勒) or "tu-jue" (突厥), name given by the Chinese to the people living south of the Altay Mountains of Central Asia as early as 177 BC.